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|Sleep as a physiological process|
Is sleeping too long an alarm sign?
On average, an adult’s night’s sleep should last about 7-9 hours. Sleeping longer than 10 hours (12-14) regularly can be one of the symptoms of hypersomnia.
Hypersomnia is a sleeping disorder that is generally characterized by a prolonged night’s sleep and difficulty in wakening up in the morning. A man can feel drowsy all day long or have an intense desire to fall asleep suddenly. That is why some people can fall asleep almost in any position and in the most inappropriate places.
Other symptoms of hypersomnia are:
A man is sluggish during a daytime. Speed of his/her reactions is worse than it is to be. According to scientific investigations, such a condition is similar to the one when a man is drunk.
A man can be depressed and passive. Everything he/she wants is to fall asleep again as soon as possible.
People who surround a person with hypersomnia notice his/her aggressiveness and irritation without a sound reason and often suffer from it. It comes out that hypersomnia can damage a man’s social and private relationships, draw into question his/her professional progress, etc.
A man with such a sleeping disorder feels chronic fatigue in spite of the fact that he/she had a sufficient sleep last night.
A person’s alertness and concentration levels are poor that also prevent from carrying out the responsibilities properly.
It can be difficult for a man to remember the information (sometimes, even in small volumes).
There usually appear difficulties with movements’ coordination, distinct words pronunciation and formulating thoughts precisely.
Loss of appetite is also on this list.
Hypersomnia can be of different kinds depending on severity of the disease.
The Kleine-Levin syndrome is a recurrent hypersomnia, a neurological disorder when a man is used to sleep more than 18 hours. He/she wakes up only when his/her organism requires eating and drinking as well as satisfying some other natural needs. A man usually becomes aggressive and evil if someone prevents him/her from sleeping a few hours more. Such people also feel overfatigue all the time; they have rambling speech and thoughts, memory lapses, hallucinations. They can have hyperphagia (it is a voracious appetite without the feeling of satiation) as well as hypersexual behavior (especially men) and depression (refers to women more often than to men).
There are physiological hypersomnia and pathological.
A man may suffer from physiological hypersomnia due to experiencing serious and unusual physical or emotional overloading (emotional shock, overfatigue, sleep deprivation, stress, medicines/alcohol intoxication, etc.). Usually, he/she goes back to the regime a man has got used to as soon as an organism is provided with necessary rest, in a couple of days. Then, a man gets rid of hypersomnia’s symptoms.
Having pathological hypersomnia can be caused by a range of health disorders such as:
A mental disease.
A brain’s disease.
Narcolepsy (excessive daytime sleepiness).
A head injury.
An intracerebral hematoma or tumor.
An infectious disease.
A cardiovascular disease.
A somatic disease.
Sleep apnea (when a man’s breathing passages are blocked, and he/she cannot breathe in a sleep for some time).
It is necessary to be diagnosed and start overcoming this very disease. If a person is on a right way, hypersomnia will soon be smoothed away as well as other unpleasant symptoms.
The consequences of having hypersomnia can be more serious than it seems at the first glance:
Working ability decreases that can lead to troubles at work, inability to fulfill responsibilities, demotion or even dismissal.
A person needs to devote time to a nap (naps) during a day. Without it, he/she won’t be able to preserve clear consciousness to the end of a working day. Such a necessity can cause strong disagreements between this poor person and the authorities. The outcome can be rather unpredictable.
A man can fall asleep anywhere no matter whether he/she is standing or sitting. He/she cannot influence it anyhow.
Also, the process of falling asleep and waking up can be accompanied by hallucinations and sleeping paralysis.
What can a person do about it?
Usually, a behavioral approach is applied here. If someone has such a problem with health, he/she has to reconsider sleep hygiene points as well as his/her attitude to them:
to establish a strict daily routine (when it is time to go to bed and wake up) and keep to it every single day (yes, even on the weekend!);
to define the amount of hours needed for a substantial rest (not less than 9 hours);
to avoid working/studying at night;
to make having 1-2 naps during a day a habit, but they mustn’t last longer than 45 minutes, otherwise you will exacerbate your condition.
Also, reducing alcohol, caffeine, drugs and heavy meal to a minimum (especially, before going to bed) can set you free from this sleeping disorder as well as avoiding stimulants, anti-depressants, etc. before sleeping hours.
If all your attempts to put hypersomnia out of your life are in vain, you have to consult a doctor and run medical examinations and tests. Maybe, hypersomnia points to some disease (you can learn from above what body system such a disease can concern).
Hypersomnia is not dangerous on its own, but it greatly increases the risk to get into a factory or car accident. Besides, it breaks a usual life rhythm, future plans, interferes with striking and maintaining relations with other people, puts into question a person’s working ability, etc.